Friday, May 26, 2006

Risk Communication database

Actually, it's more a searchable bibliography than a database, and its lifespan is limited, 1990-2003, but it's uniqueness makes it a valuable resource. Adapted from the site:

Scope of the Bibliography
This bibliography provides an introduction to risk communication literature. It does not pretend to be a complete collection of all relevant articles, and many valuable sources have undoubtedly been missed. Nevertheless, its listings should provide a good starting point for searching the field. It includes reports of experiments, theoretical discussions, case histories, how-to manuals, dissertations, and reviews. The bibliography is not limited to cancer risks because much of use to cancer risk communication can be gleaned from lessons learned in other domains. To set realistic boundaries, we focused this bibliography on publications that relate to the specific task of explaining the nature and magnitude of hazards to the public. This focus unavoidably neglects important social, legal, political, ethical, and institutional issues in risk communication. (A non-annotated list of references covering the broad field of risk communication may be found at the National Library of Medicine:
The bibliography does, however, include many articles that deal with risk perception, even ones lacking any mention of communication, because learning how people think about risk should help us discover how well they understand our risk messages and help us find ways to increase their risk understanding.

Number of Risk Communication/Perception Articles Published from 1990-2003

Year Number of Articles
1990-1997 249
1998 47
1999 74
2000 52
2001 65
2002 69
June, 2003 23

(Click on header above to access site.)

Reference Booknotes

Handbook of Sports and Media, edited by Arthur A. Raney and Jennings Bryant (LEA, 2006). A 600+ page compendium of research articles divided into four sections: The Development of Sports Media (going back to the ancients) ; The Coverage and Business of Sports Media; Sports Media Audiences; and Critical Perspectives on Sports Media. Bibliographies abound. (ASC Ref).

The Family Communication Sourcebook, edited by Lynn H. Turner and Richard West (Sage, 2006). Provides in-depth examination of contemporary theory and research on family communication. The "Internal Family Dynamics" section includes articles on ritual and storytelling. The section on external structural frameworks includes articles on the media as well as health communication. (ASC Ref).

The Environmental Communication Yearbook, Volume 3, edited by Stephen P. Depoe (LEA, 2006). Articles include: Influences on the Recycling Behavior of Young Adults: Avenues for Social Marketing Campaigns; Articulating "Sexy" Anti-Toxic Activism on Screen: The Cultural Politics of A Civil Action and Erin Brockovich; Rhetoric of the Perpetual Potential: A Case Study of the Environmentalist Movement to Protect Orangutans; and Internet Use and Environmental Attitudes: A Social Capital Approach, to name four of the twelve pieces. The ASC Library also carries the first two volumes of this series. (ASC Ref)

Post-Structuralism and Communication: An Annotated Bibliography by Gerald S. Greenberg (Scarecrow, 2005). 200-plus page bibliography of books, book chapters, and journal articles on the impact of poststructuralist philosophy on all facets of communication. (ASC Ref)

Handbook of Warnings, Michael S. Wogalter (ed.) An 800+ page compendium on warnings including theory, research, and application. It describes warning design standards and guidelines; aspects of law relevant to warnings such as government regulations, case/trial litigation, and the role of expert testimony in these cases; and international, health/medical, and marketing issues. Broken into thirteen major sections, the chapters cover theory, research, applications, and law, and many different perspectives on topics associated with risk and danger. (ASC Ref)

China Media Yearbook & Directory 2006 This 5th edition includes over 300 pages covering:
- In-depth analysis of the Chinese media industry including TV Policy, TV Content, AV, Radio, Print, Film, New Media and Advertising
- The latest developments in Chinese media policy and regulations, media trends and prominent business deals STATISTICS
- Updated Chinese media market statistics from leading data providers: Nielsen Media Research, Huicong and CMMR with the top rated TV programs and print publications by ad spend, total advertising turnover, sector and region.
- The most comprehensive China media business directory in English including company profiles and media data for more than 300 major Chinese media organizations and companies complete with rate cards and channel data
- Expanded editorial and analysis of Chinese media industries: Television, Internet & New Media, Print, Film, Radio, Advertising and Consumer sectors - Fully updated listings &profiles of Chinese media organizations: Broadcasters, Producers, Film and Print industry players and advertising rate-card info
- Proprietary Chinese media market data, statistics and forecasts - A new section on China's Audio Video Industry
- Extended coverage of Chinese TV programming by major content themes
- Updates on the Chinese Government's changing Media Policies & Regulations (ASC Ref)

Wednesday, May 24, 2006

George Grantham Bain News Photograph collection

The Library of Congress's Prints & Photographs Division is pleased to announce that all the negatives in the George Grantham Bain news photograph collection (nearly 40,000 glass negatives in all) have now been digitized and are available for searching in the Prints and Photographs Online Catalog. The collection, which represents the archive of one of America's earliest news picture agencies, features an array of personalities and news events, particularly in New York City, for the period 1900-1931.

The collection richly documents sports events, theater, celebrities, crime, strikes, disasters, political activities including the woman suffrage campaign, conventions and public celebrations. The photographs Bain produced and gathered for distribution through his news service were worldwide in their coverage, but there was a special emphasis on life in New York City. The bulk of the collection dates from the 1900s to the mid-1920s, but scattered images can be found as early as the 1860s and as late as the 1930s.

For other new collections at the Prints and Photographic section of the Library of Congress see: What's New at the Prints and Photographs Online Catalog

Tuesday, May 16, 2006

Summer Booknotes

Calling for Help: Language and Social Interaction in Telephone Helplines, edited by Carolyn D. Baker, Michael Emmison, and Alan Firth (John Benjamins, 2005). A collection of original, systematic studies, using methods of Conversation Analysis, on help-giving and help-seeking behavior that occurs along telephone helplines. (VP)

New Philosophy for New Media, by B.N. Hansen (MIT Press, 2006). The book is divided into three sections: Part I, From Image to Body: Between Body and Image: On the "Newness" of New Media Art; Framing the Digital Image: Jeffrey Shaw and the Embodied Aesthetics of New Media; The Automation of Sight and the Bodily Basis of Vision. Part II, The Affect-Body: Affect as Interface: Confronting the "Digital Facial Image"; What's Virtual about VR? Reality as Body-Brain Achievement; The Affective Topology of New Media Art. Part III, Time, Space, and Body: Body Times. (VP)

Radical Mass Media Criticism: A Cultural genealogy, edited by David Berry and John Theobald (AKPress, 2006). One of a kind historical survey of radical mass media criticism and its relevance to issues of media power and ethics today. Put together by a team of leading international media experts, this 400+ page volume includes thinkers such as Karl Kraus, Ferdinand Tonnies, Max Horkeimer, Theodor Adorno, Noam Chomsky, Edward Herman, Marshall McLuhan, Upton Sinclair, W.E.B. DuBois, C. Wright Mills, Gloria Steinem, Ben Bagdikian, George Seldes, John Dewey, Robert McChesney, Robert Jensen, Harrold Innis, Northrop Frye, David Suzuki, Maude Barlow, bell hooks, Jesus Martin-Barbero and Nestor Garcia Canclini. (VP)

Rhetorics of Display, edited by Lawrence J. Prelli (University of South Carolina Press, 2006). Grounded in philosophy and the historical relationship between rhetoric and display this book is comprised of seventeen diverse case studies of the process of selecting what to display or not (reveal or conceal). Includes: Displaying the Body Politic: Televisual Exposures and Concealments (Joshua Meyrowitz); Colin Powell's Life Story and the Display of a 'Good' Black Persona; Tatoo and Piercing: reflections on Mortification; Envisioning Postcommunism: Budapest's Stalin Monument; Visualizing a Bounded Sea: a Case Study in Rhetorical Taxis; National Park Landscapes and the Rhetorical Display of Civic Religion; and It's Showtime!: Staging Public Demonstrations.

First Person: New Media as Story, Performance, and Game, edited by Noah Wardrip-Fruin and Pat Harrigan (MIT Press, 2006). A landmark reader in the field of Game Studies that positions digital games as the new storytelling medium. Media theorist and practitioners explore the e-literary dynamics of computer gaming which interactively employs the conventions of narrative, character, plot and theme. "Some are arguing that digital games (as the heirs of the novel and of film) constitute the next great arena for storytelling; others respond that games are not narratives at all and require a different theoretical framework and a new discipline," observes Jay David Bolter, Professor of New Media at Georgia Institute of Technology. (VP)

Global War--Local Views: Media Images of the Iraq War, edited by Sig A. Nohrstedt and Rune Ottosen (Nordicom, 2006). Media scholars present views on the 2003 Iraq War from around the world. This collection looks at print and broadcast media from Uganda, Turkey, Germany, Greece, Slovenia, Scandinavia, Austria, and New Zealand, as well as the Pan-Arab press. Preceding these more specific case studies is an Introduction by the editors, followed by an opening chapter titled: The War Against Iraq in Transnational Broadcasting. (VP)

The Internet and Health Care: Theory, Research, and Practice, edited by Monica Murero and Ronald E. Rice (LEA, 2006). International and interdisciplinary perspectives on the key research in e-health including new theories and trends in online health communication; finding, using and evaluating online health information; virtual support groups and communities, and implementation issues health information systems on the internet. (ASC Ref).

Images at War: Illustrated Periodicals and Constructed Nations by Michele Martin (University of Toronto Press, ) A study of 19th-century periodicals and their reflections of national identity; focuses on coverage of the Franco-Prussian war in publications from France, Germany, England, and Canada. (VP)

Insurgency Online: Web Activism and Global Conflict by Michael Darnell (University of Toronto Press, 2006). "The Internet," Dartnell argues, "is affecting extensive changes to the way politics are carried out, by inserting a range of non-state actors onto the global political stage. [Darnell] demonstrates that Web activism raises issues about the organization of societies and the distribution of power and contends that the development of online activism has far-reaching social and political implications, with parallels to the influence of the invention of the printing press, the telegraph, and the radio" (University of Toronto Press' website). The author concentrates on Web activists who use the medium as a media tool, focusing on three groups to make his points: the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA), which opposed the Taliban; the Peruvian Movimento Revolucionario Tupac Amaru (MRTA) and its campaign against the Fujimori government; and the Irish Republican Socialist Movement (IRSM). (VP)

Contentious Journalism and the Internet: Towards Democratic Discourse in Malaysia and Singapore, by Cherian George. (University of Washington Press, 2006)
Table of Contents: 1. Bringing Cyberspace Down to Earth 2. State and Media in Malaysia and Singapore 3. "Narrow Tailoring" and the Internet Dilemma 4. Contentious Media in Theory and Practice 5. Sintercom: Harnessing of Virtual Community 6. Think Centre: Activism Through Journalism 7. Harakah: The Power of Partisanship 8. Malaysiakini: Independence at a Price 9. Contentious Media in Comparative Perspective 10. A Democratic Case for Media Diversity (VP)

Copyright and Other Fairy Tales: Hans Christian Andersen and the Commodification of Creativity, Ed. by Helle Porsdam (Edward Elgar Publishing 2006). 'This is not a lighthearted book, but rather an inspiring tale that challenges the development of copyright. A detailed historical analysis of copyright leads to fundamental questions about the role of copyright in society. From a historical perspective a tale of failure blamed on commodification surfaces, but the book also offers perspectives on the future, i.e. a future with or without copyright as we know it. Maybe after all there will be a fairy tale ending for the reader.' - Paul Torremans, University of Nottingham, UK (VP)

National Police Gazette and the Making of the Modern American Man, 1879-1906, by Guy Reel (Palgrave, 2006) "The late 19th and early 20th centuries have been described as the beginning of a cult of masculinity, but relatively little has been written on how men actually learned new codes of sexuality, competitive sports, and what it meant to be a man, at least in the ideal sense. Guy Reel tells here the compelling story of the weekly paper that taught generations of men to sexually objectify women and worship muscular and/or competitive men, no matter what sport they won at (oyster eating contests?)...An eye opening look at the roots of how today’s men came to their beliefs and values. The National Police Gazette played an important role at the saloons and barber shops of America, with its celebration of aggressive crime, cheesecake, and barefist boxing, and Reel lays out its key place in the development of an American hegemonic masculinity."--Martin D. Schwartz, Professor of Sociology and Research Scholar at Ohio University (VP)

Execution and invention: Death Penalty Discourse in Early Rabbinic and Christian Cultures by Beth A. Berkowitz Oxford University Press, 2006). "Berkowitz looks at the discourse of the death penalty as a discourse of power, as a way of asserting rabbinic authority, or even of constructing rabbinism itself, over/against its rivals. She goes on to integrate, apply, and interrogate the latest theoretical perspectives on culture and power, from Foucault through postcolonial theory and to ritual theory." --Daniel Boyarin

Markets and the Media:Businesss News and Stock Market Movements by Thomas Shuster (Lexington Books, 2006). Shuster writes on the limits of economic communication and how more may not always be better. (VP)

EME: Explorations in Media Ecology

Introducing a new journal at ASC:

EME: Explorations in Media Ecology, a journal of the Media Ecology Association. Issues for 2005 are available in the ASC Library. The title is not available online.

EME is an international journal dedicated to extending our understanding of media and media environments. EME welcomes diverse theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of media environments, including (but not limited to) philosophical, aesthetic, literary, historical, psychological, sociological, anthropological, political, economic, and scientific investigations, as well as applied, professional, and pedagogical perspectives. In addition to scholarly articles, EME also publishes essays, commentary, and critical examinations relevant to media ecology as a field of study and practice.

What exactly is media ecology?

An Overview of Media Ecology
It is the study of media environments, the idea that technology and techniques, modes of information and codes of communication play a leading role in human affairs.

Media ecology is the Toronto School, and the New York School. It is technological determinism, hard and soft, and technological evolution. It is media logic, medium theory, mediology.

It is McLuhan Studies, orality–literacy studies, American cultural studies. It is grammar and rhetoric, semiotics and systems theory, the history and the philosophy of technology.

It is the postindustrial and the postmodern, and the preliterate and prehistoric.

—Lance Strate, “Understanding MEA,” In Medias Res 1 (1), Fall 1999.

Monday, May 15, 2006

Blog Author

Sharon Black is the librarian at the Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennslvania where she helps students, faculty, and the wider community utilize research resources in communication. She evaluates and purchases materials as needed and serves as a liaison between the Annenberg School and the Penn Libraries. She oversees ASC's reserve reading service (which includes Blackboard support) and a 24-hour document delivery service to faculty and graduate students. Central to the Library’s current awareness initiative is CommPilings , the Annenberg Library blog launched in 2006. As needed, she offers bibliographic instruction in workshops and classes in addition to one-on-one appointments.

Before serving in her current role as Communication Librarian, Sharon directed two large resource building projects at the Annenberg School. As archivist for the Annenberg Television Script Archive she is the author of the Thesaurus of Subject Headings for Television: A Vocabulary for Indexing Script Collections (1990) as well as “Checking Out the Librarian: Depictions of Librarians and Libraries on Prime Time Television,” in Popular Culture and Libraries (1994). She went on to develop an index vocabulary for United States presidential campaign rhetoric, specifically for The Annenberg/Pew Archive of Presidential Campaign Discourse CD-Rom (2000) which includes speech transcripts of the 1952 to 1996 presidential campaigns. Sharon serves on the Electronic Resources in Communication committee of the American Library Association and is a member of several academic Communication organizations. She holds a B.A. in English from Gettysburg College and an M.L.S. from Drexel University. She is also a widely published poet having received two Pushcart nominations (2005, 2007).

About CommPilings

Welcome to CommPilings, the Annenberg Library blog! What can you expect to find here? All kinds of tidbits and links to resources related to Communication, broadly defined. And since Communication is such a fluid discipline I like the name I've come up with for this blog. Think of communication studies as an expansive bay stretching as far as the eye can see and imagine these blog postings as pilings here and there sticking up out of the water--alerts, news about resources, articles of interest, you name it.

Some postings/pilings will be more important to you than others. You may find one so key to your interests it's as if a really neat bird (let's say a heron) is perched on top of it, marking it just for you.
Maybe that's the one that will keep you coming back for more and you'll make it a regular habit to check in. At least that's how I'm hoping this blog will work. So here goes. I'm going to start posting items of interest in and around (by around I mean the whole world) the ASC Library. Feel free to email me at sblack@asc.upenn.edu with any suggestions or comments.

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